Glaucoma is a group of eye disorders that lead to progressive damage of the optic nerve. According to the American Optometric Association, Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the United States. It is usually characterized by vision loss due to the loss of nerve tissue. If ignored, advanced Glaucoma could cause blindness. The most common form of Glaucoma is caused by an increase in the fluid pressure in the eye, causing damage to the optic nerve and loss of nerve fibers.
There is no current “prevention” for Glaucoma, however, regular eye exams will help check for changes in your vision or eyes. Also, once diagnosed, the progression of Glaucoma can be slowed down with medications, diet correction, or surgery.