Feel Better,
Faster.

It’s Mosquito-Borne Virus Season

West Nile Virus (WNV) and Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus (EEEV) are two of the more common illnesses transmitted to humans through bites of infected mosquitoes. These mosquito-transmitted viruses may cause no symptoms at all, minor symptoms, or serious symptoms including inflammation of the brain.
West Nile Virus
West Nile Virus is not contagious, meaning it is not spread by humans, and is rarely spread through blood transfusions. WNV has been detected in all lower 48 states and occurs usually in June through September.
Most people who become infected with WNV have no symptoms. Those who develop symptoms can have head and body aches, joint pains, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, and weakness. More severe symptoms, like inflammation of the brain, high fever, disorientation, seizures, coma, tremors, or paralysis are rare.
Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus
Eastern Equine Encephalitis is a rare illness in humans also caused by the bite of an infected mosquito. Most cases occur in the Atlantic and Gulf Coast states. The EEEV is not contagious. Those infected with EEEV have no apparent illness, unless it is severe infection.
Symptoms of severe EEEV cases often begin with the sudden onset of a headache, high fever, chills, and vomiting.  Infections sometimes progress, developing more serious, potentially life-threatening symptoms involving inflammation of the brain such as disorientation, seizures, or coma.
Prevention 
There are no vaccines to prevent WNV or EEEV infections. Avoiding mosquito bites provides the best protection against developing WNV and EEEV infections. Here are some helpful tips for preventing or limiting mosquito bites:

  • Use Mosquito repellent with DEET, Picaridin, IR3535, or Oil of lemon eucalyptus. Examples of Mosquito repellent with some of these active ingredients are Cutter Advanced, Skin So Soft Bug Guard Plus, Repel, and Off! Botanicals. Products containing higher percentages of DEET provide protection for longer periods of time.
  • Cover exposed skin. Wear hats, long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and socks.
  • Stay and sleep in screened-in or air-conditioned rooms. Make sure the screens are secure with no holes.
  • Use a bed net if you are sleeping in an area exposed to the outdoors.
  • Eliminate mosquito breeding sites. Empty standing water from flower pots, buckets, barrels, or other containers.
  • Limit time outdoors during dusk and dawn. This is the time when infected mosquitoes are usually out.

If Bitten

  • Avoid scratching the bites, as they can become infected.
  • Apply over the counter hydrocortisone cream or calamine lotion to reduce itching.
  • Seek immediate medical attention if you exhibit any unusual symptoms.

Treatment
There are no specific treatments for WNV or EEEV, as antibiotics are not effective against viral infections. Over-the-counter medication can be used to reduce fever and relieve minor symptoms, including pain.
Care for more severe cases is typically based on the symptoms presented in each patient. Patients with severe symptoms are often hospitalized to receive respiratory support, IV fluids, and additional supportive care to manage their symptoms.
Tracking WNV and EEEV Where You Live
For the summer season of 2013, no human cases of West Nile or Eastern Equine Encephalitis have been reported in the state of Connecticut thus far. However, mosquitoes collected at various trapping stations have tested positive for virus. Specifically, The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station in New Haven has found mosquitoes infected with either WNV or EEEV in many towns in Connecticut. These statistics change weekly. Click on the link below to review the latest details of their findings:
http://www.ct.gov/caes/cwp/view.asp?Q=377446&A=2819
Fast Fact: “Station scientists found that the American robin is a favorite host for some mosquitoes and is an important carrier of the virus.” – Source: The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, CT.
For those interested in tracking mosquito activity in areas outside Connecticut, the following links provide helpful information:
http://www.cdc.gov/westnile/statsMaps/index.html
http://diseasemaps.usgs.gov/index.html
 

Health News + Events

When Should You Get Tested for COVID-19?

If you were recently around someone who has tested positive for COVID-19, you’re probably wondering if you should get tested yourself. Even if you’re not exhibiting symptoms of  Read More

What’s the Difference Between Rapid & PCR COVID-19 Tests?

If you’ve been feeling under the weather or you were recently in close contact with someone with COVID-19, you’re probably looking into your COVID-19 testing options. And if so  Read More

Virtual Visits for the Flu: Pros & Cons

When you’re experiencing flu symptoms, you want the treatment you need as soon as possible. But which urgent care option is going to be the best choice for you: a virtual telemed  Read More

What Our Patients Are Saying

Rating 4.4
Rating 4.2
Rating 4.6
Rating 5.0

"The overall care I received was excellent! I also appreciate your affiliation with Yale New Haven Hospital."

Patient
Derby, CT

"Throughout the visit I felt like the staff really cared. The Doctor took his time talking with me about my symptoms, and I felt like he listened to all my concerns and took that into consideration when recommending the right treatment. Thank you!"

Patient
Hamden, CT

"I had to take my son in for an ear infection following a sudden change in temperament at daycare. He was inconsolable the entire car ride but when we got there and by the time we left this care facility he was back to his normal happy go lucky little two year old boy. I highly recommend PhysicianOne Urgent Care."

Patient
Westwood, MA

"I wanted to take a moment to thank you for the attention you gave me last week. My son was started on antibiotics and ear drops. Within 24 hours he began to feel better. The poor kid had been going to school in tears because he was afraid of missing any more days, but feeling (and looking) just awful! He's not been able to even think about lacrosse practice, but thanks to starting him on antibiotics, he was thrilled to return to practice today."

Patient
Somers, NY