Symptoms and Complications of Diabetes
While there is no cure for diabetes, it can be prevented and managed. Individuals who are 45 years of age and older and individuals of all ages who are overweight or obese are encouraged to visit a physician to get tested for diabetes.
The symptoms of diabetes can be confusing because individuals may have some or none of the following symptoms:
- Frequent urination
- Excessive thirst
- Unexplained weight loss
- Extreme hunger
- Vision changes
- Tingling or numbness in the extremities
- Dry skin
- Sores that are slow to heal
Diabetics are at risk for the following complications:
- Hypoglycemia – Low blood sugar
- Hyperglycemia – High blood sugar
- Skin conditions – Bacterial and fungal infections, itching, extreme dryness
- Eye conditions – Glaucoma, cataracts, retina disorders
- Neuropathy – Nerve damage
- Diabetic coma
- Nepropathy – Kidney disease
- Hypertension – High blood pressure
- Stroke – Blood supply to brain is interrupted
- Heart disease
Besides symptoms and complications, being diagnosed with diabetes can take its toll on an individual’s mental health and caregivers. Living with the condition can be overwhelming and lead to anger, denial, stress, anxiety, and depression.
Diabetics and caregivers can manage their mental health through a prescribed program of relaxation, exercise, and a healthy diet.